Key Stage 1 Curriculum

We follow the English the National Curriculum. Our aim is to develop children’s abilities to listen, speak, read and write for a wide range of purposes. We encourage children to express themselves creatively and imaginatively, as they become enthusiastic and critical readers and writers of stories, poetry, reports, instructions and drama. The skills the children learn in this subject link to and are applied to every subject in our curriculum for example writing up a science investigation or an evaluation of a product they have made in design and technology.



We have daily phonics sessions following the Letters and Sounds scheme.  Children are taught in small ability groups to ensure that they are learning at a pace that is comfortable for them.  Phonics is taught using a variety of methods including using IT games, board games such as bingo, spelling games and dictation.



We place a high emphasis in the importance of reading within the school and recognise the important role it plays in developing knowledge and understanding throughout the curriculum. We encourage our children to read a wide range of texts by a variety of different authors to help broaden their vocabulary and to give them a rich and varied reading diet. Children take their reading books home at the end of each day to share with their parents and we have volunteers who give up their time on a weekly basis to come and listen to the children read in school.

Guided Reading is an important part of our curriculum and we are currently using the Rigby Star scheme. Children work in focused groups to develop their reading and comprehension skills. Children working independently have focussed tasks which may include listening to a story with a CD, playing word and sentence games or writing a character profile from the book they are reading. We also provide children with rich reading experiences within the English lessons and encourage them to appreciate the author’s use of language and writing techniques in order to develop their own writing skills.



In order to become successful writers children have to be able to articulate their thoughts and sequence their ideas.  Writing begins with talking. We recognise the importance of role play and drama to help children bring their stories to life; talking through a sentence or a sequence of events helps children to organise their thoughts in preparation for writing. Children are encouraged to write for different purposes in a range of contexts throughout the school.  From writing lists and invitations in the role play corners, retelling familiar stories or using our school trips and grounds as a stimulus for developing ideas.  We equip children with the skills to make up their own compositions for different audiences. Children are given opportunities to write with accuracy and meaning in narrative and non-narrative forms. We value the importance of building children’s knowledge of how words can be used to form sentences and how language is governed by a set of grammatical rules and structures for example the choice of tense or use of contractions.




We teach maths following the domains from the new curriculum. Our aim is to equip children with the skills they need to be able to solve mathematical problems confidently and independently.

During Year 1 and 2 children develop their understanding of place value and are taught mental strategies to use to solve problems involving addition and subtraction and mathematical reasoning. They are taught the concepts of multiplication and division and progress to using facts in calculations. In Geometry children learn about 2D and 3D shapes and their properties and learn to recognise them in different aspects of the environment. They learn to use positional language in terms of describing where objects are and begin to understand the concepts of right angles to describe quarter, half and three quarter turns. Throughout our mathematics teaching children are encouraged to use mathematical language, using it to talk about their methods and explain their reasoning when solving problems.


Mrs Sara Dangerfield


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Peaslake Free School,
Colmans Hill,

01306 730411



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